Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Q2 Exam Review

Q2 Exam Review

Cyrano Quotes (these are not all quotes, just a sampling): 

For each quote, identify the speaker and who is being spoken to.  Characters can be used more than once.

 Roxane                                           De Guiche

Ragueneau                                       Valvert

Le Bret                                            Christian

Cyrano                                            The Duenna



“You love her! Then tell her so! She saw you triumph here this very night!”

(Act I, Scene V)


Spoken to


“It must annoy you when it dips into your drink. You really should have a specially

shaped goblet, I think!”


Spoken to


 “And now, your true self has triumphed over your appearance! I now love you only for

your soul!”


Spoken to


 “—and then off she went, with a musketeer!”


Spoken to


 “I say that Henry the Fourth would never have stripped himself of his scarf, no matter the danger.”


Spoken to

Grammar Review:
Here are example paragraphs that have errors similar to the exam.  Email me if you have questions about any errors.

Edit the following paragraph, correcting pronoun errors and any other necessary changes. (10 errors)

What do scientists look for when he wants to find a good spot for a human colony on the moon?  The same thing we look for on earth when you want to buy a house: location, location, location. In particular, when a scientist studies locations on the moon, he looks for a place that provides good sunlight and some water. You may not think that the moon has any water.  However, in 1998, NASA and its top scientists announced that it had discovered evidence of ice around the moon’s two poles.  The group announced their findings, claiming that the water could support a colony for about a hundred years.  Now researchers have found three locations near the moon’s south pole that he and she think might be good sites for a lunar colony.  In the not too distant future, then, either you or the children of tomorrow might build your home on the moon.

Edit the following paragraph, correcting subject-verb agreement errors. (10 errors)

            There has been several amazing child prodigies in music but none more astonishing than Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  Mozart were playing tunes on the piano at the age of three!  From the time he is six, he and his sister Anna, also a prodigy, was taken on concert tours by their father.  Neither royalty nor nobility were able to resist the charm and talent of the two young artists.  All of the gifts and money they received were kept by their father.  Do the life of such a prodigy, praised but exploited, sound like fun?  His arguments with his stern and demanding father was a constant source of tension.  However, few finds any hint of gloom or depression in most of his music.  Though Mozart died before his 36th birthday, his legacy of great compositions are a timeless gift to the world.

Vocabulary Words:
  1. bilious
  2. ineffable
  3. gamut
  4. affinity
  5. immure
  6. commensurate
  7. diaphanous
  8. insouciant
  9. maladroit
  10. prescience
  11. prurient
  12. obloquy
  13. waggish
  14. sacrosanct
  15. saturnalian
  16. maudlin
  17. vitiate
  18. dictum
  19. folderol
  20. internecine


Friday, December 7, 2012

Cyrano Act 3 Study Guide, Due Tuesday, December 11

ACT 3, Roxane’s Kiss (22 questions total)

Act III, Scene I
livery – a uniform worn by male household servants
steward – one who manages a household or property
trite – unoriginal, commonplace

1. How has Ragueneau’s life changed since Act II, when he was entertaining the poets in his bakery?

2. How does Cyrano utilize the pages for his amusement?

3. How does Cyrano feel when he realizes that Roxane has memorized the poems that Cyrano wrote for Christian? Cite incidents to support your answer.

Act III, Scene II
syndic – an officer of a particular organization who carries out certain duties

1. How does Roxane trick De Guiche into leaving Cyrano and the Cadets behind while the regiment goes to war?

2. What does De Guiche have in mind for Roxane?

Act III, Scene III
discourse – to talk; to discuss

1. What does Cyrano ask Roxane, and why? What is her response?

Act III, Scene IV
1. Why does Christian refuse to memorize Cyrano’s love poems and decide to speak for himself?

Act III, Scene V
1. Explain Roxane’s comment, “I hoped for cream, but you’re giving me water!”

Act III, Scene VI
embellishments – trimmings; added extras

1. In what way do the musicians provide comic relief?

2. List at least four ways that Roxane might discern that it is Cyrano speaking to her and not Christian.

3. How do you think Cyrano feels about Christian’s desire to kiss Roxane?

Act III, Scene VII
rosary – a string of beads used for counting prayers

1. Why does Cyrano give the Friar wrong directions?

Act III, Scene VIII
1. Why does Cyrano decide to help Christian win a kiss?

Act III, Scene IX
1. What arguments does Cyrano give Roxane to win her kiss?

2. Why does Christian hesitate to climb to Roxane for a kiss?

Act III, Scene X
1. Roxane cleverly tricks the Father into believing that he is supposed to perform a marriage ceremony for Christian and her. How does Roxane indirectly ask Christian if he agrees with her improvised version of the letter?

2. Why does the Friar mistakenly think that Roxane is to marry Cyrano, and is surprised that she is to marry Christian? How does Roxane distract the Friar from asking any further questions?

Act III, Scene XI
posterior – the rear
rarefied – made thin or less dense
trident – a three-pointed spear

1. How does Cyrano behave when he encounters De Guiche?

2. Briefly summarize the seven ways that Cyrano invents to travel to the moon. What does this performance reveal about Cyrano?

Act III, Scene XII
1. How does De Guiche react to Roxane’s marriage?

2. What promise does Cyrano make to Roxane after she learns that Christian is going to war?

3. Christian marries Roxane knowing that he is unable to please her intellectually or spiritually without Cyrano’s help. Cyrano helps Roxane and Christian to marry, knowing that he will lose her forever. At the beginning of this scene, before Cyrano intervenes, Roxane is not impressed with Christian. Yet, it is Roxane who orchestrates her marriage to Christian by tricking the priest. Speculate on the motivations of these characters. Why do you think Christian, Roxane, and Cyrano all seem to support this marriage?

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Cyrano Act 2 Study Guide, Due Friday, December 7

ACT 2, The Poet’s Eating-House (19 questions total)

Act II, Scene I
andiron – a metal support used in a fi replace
gallery – a narrow passageway
lute – a small guitar-like musical instrument
lyre – a stringed instrument belonging to the harp family
scullions – kitchen workers

1. Explain the conflict between Ragueneau and his wife, Lise. How is Ragueneau similar to Cyrano?

Act II, Scene II
1. What is the purpose of the exchange between Ragueneau and the children?

Act II, Scene III
1. Why does Cyrano write a letter to Roxane? For what reason does he decide not to sign the letter?

Act II, Scene IV
cudgels – small, heavy clubs
pikes – long spears

1. Find a passage from this scene that demonstrates Cyrano’s lack of interest in his fight with the one hundred men.

2. What evidence is there that the poets who enjoy Ragueneau’s hospitality only pretend to like Ragueneau’s poetry?

Act II, Scene V
1. How does Cyrano guarantee a private meeting with Roxane?

Act II, Scene VI
1. Find an example of litotes (A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Some examples of litotes: no small victory, not a bad idea, not unhappy ...) in this scene.

2. List some ways Roxane raises Cyrano’s hopes that she is in love with him. What word does she use that shatters his hopes?

3. What is Roxane’s true reason for meeting Cyrano at the pastry shop?

4. Find an example of irony on page 50.

Act II, Scene VII
coronets – crowns worn by members of the noble class
heraldry – the study of genealogy, coats of arms, and ranks of the noble class
intrepid – brave
pentacrostic – a set of five lines of poetry in which the same word or name is formed within all five lines

1. Cyrano recites a poem to introduce the Gascons to De Guiche. Briefly identify the qualities that Cyrano believes all the Gascons possess.

2. Why does Cyrano decline De Guiche’s offer to be Cyrano’s patron?

Act II, Scene VIII
madrigals – vocal arrangements meant to be sung by three voices in harmony with one another

1. Cite some of Cyrano’s reasons for why he rejects patronage.

2. Cyrano discusses his reasons for remaining free of patronage:
“To be content with every flower, fruit or even leaf—but pluck them
from my own garden and no one else’s! And then, if glory ever does by
chance come my way, I’ll pay no tribute to Caesar, because the merit
will be my own.”

State a theme for Cyrano de Bergerac based on the above quotation.

3. What evidence is there that Le Bret knows Cyrano is deeply hurt after his visit with Roxane?

Act II, Scene IX
1. Why does Christian risk a battle with Cyrano by making comments about Cyrano’s nose?

Act II, Scene X
eloquence – the ability to express oneself gracefully and fluently
haphazard – random

1. What reason does Cyrano give Christian for wanting to help him win Roxane? Speculate on what unspoken reasons Cyrano may have.

2. List two objections that Christian has to Cyrano’s plan to win Roxane. How does Cyrano overcome these objections?

Act II, Scene XI
1. What is the purpose of this scene?