Friday, November 11, 2011

Cyrano Act 5 Study Guide, due Monday, November 21

ACT 5, Cyrano’s Gazette (16 questions total)
Act V, Scene I
coif – a small, tight-fitting cap
colonnade – a passageway consisting of uniformly spaced columns
habits – distinctive modes of dress (robes etc.) for members of religious orders
skeins – loose coils of yarn

1. What does the nun’s conversation reveal to the audience about the quality of Cyrano’s life in the last fourteen years?

Act V, Scene II
beadle – one who delivers public announcements; a town crier
prudent – sensible, wise
relic – an object of religious reverence and significance
serge – a type of cloth made from wool

1. Where does Roxane keep the last letter written by Cyrano?

2. Explain the irony in Roxane’s statement, “At times, it feels like he’s not really dead. Our hearts still speak, as if his love is still alive, and wraps itself around me!”

3. Why is Le Bret worried about his friend, Cyrano? How does De Guiche feel about the way that Cyrano lives his life?

4. What does De Guiche warn Le Bret about, and what literary device does his comment depict?

Act V, Scene III
garret – an attic room

1. What news does Ragueneau bring?

Act V, Scene IV
1. What indicators are given that Cyrano is mortally injured?

Act V, Scene V
imperceptibly – unnoticeably, undetectably
refectory – a dining hall

1. Who is “the last creditor who has a debt to claim” from Cyrano?

2. How does Roxane discover the truth about Cyrano’s love for her?

Act V, Scene VI
allegory – a story that is written symbolically to represent didactic ideals or abstract notions
insolent – rude, disrespectful
projectile – an object that is propelled in some way, like a rocket or a
salutation – a greeting

1. How does Cyrano equate the night under the balcony as an allegory of his life?

2. What is ironic about the way that Cyrano is killed?

3. Cite incidents from the play to support or refute the following statement: At his death, Cyrano is content with his relationship with Roxane and does not regret that they were never more than cousins.

4. What enemies does Cyrano fight just before he dies?

5. What is the white plume that Cyrano takes with him into death?

6. Of the characters Cyrano, Christian, Ragueneau, and De Guiche, which do you believe are idealists? For each character, cite one incident from the play to support whether or not he is an idealist.

7. A classic is a work which withstands the test of time. For what reasons do you believe this play is still enjoyed today?

Cyrano Act 4 Study Guide, Due Friday, November 18

ACT 4, The Cadets of Gascony (19 questions total)

Act IV, Scene I
besiegers – those who surround and blockade an area hoping to capture it from an enemy
embankment – a protective wall
entrenchments – ditches cut into the ground
sentinels – guards, watchmen

1. Why does Cyrano return to camp without any food or supplies for the troops? What is the reason that he risks his life each day?

Act IV, Scene II
mutiny – an open rebellion against those in charge
reveille – a signal played on the bugle or the drum in order to awaken soldiers in the morning
wadding – stuffing or padding

1. Why does Carbon ask Cyrano for assistance with the men?

Act IV, Scene III
courtier – an aristocrat; a member of the nobility
gluttonous – greedy, voracious
hearthstones – literally, the stones that make up the area in front of a fi replace; symbolically, hearths or hearthstones represent “home”
minuet – a type of dance that originated in France during the 17th century
pastoral – idyllic, rustic
patois – a regional dialect

1. How does Cyrano inspire, or distract, the men from their hunger?

2. What criticisms are made of De Guiche as he approaches the camp?

Act IV, Scene IV
abdicating – giving up; relinquishing

1. What is Cyrano implying when he asks De Guiche about his white scarf?

2. How does Cyrano humiliate De Guiche in front of the men?

3. How does De Guiche use the white scarf to take revenge on Cyrano?

4. In what ways does Cyrano inadvertently reveal to Christian that he loves Roxane and is not writing the letters just to help Christian?

Act IV, Scene V
1. How likely is it that Roxane journeys to the camp and is able to safely cross enemy lines in a well-provisioned coach? Cite incidents from the play to support your answer.

Act IV, Scene VI
galantine – a type of sauce for fish or chicken; a dish made with such a sauce
gallantry – chivalry, courtesy; bravery
lance – a type of spear
topaz – any of several gemstones that are yellow in color
truffles – small mushrooms considered a delicacy

1. In what ways does Roxane’s appearance at the camp help the Gascons prepare themselves for the upcoming battle?

2. What surprise does Roxane have for the men, and how did she manage to bring it?

Act IV, Scene VII
pikemen – infantrymen who carry pikes (long spears)
recoil – the jerking-back movement that a gun or cannon makes upon

1. Why do the Gascons share their food and wine with De Guiche?

2. What does Cyrano confess to Christian about the letters?
Act IV, Scene VIII
frivolous – thoughtless, careless

1. How has Roxane changed since she last saw Christian on their wedding day? Why is Christian disturbed by this change?

Act IV, Scene IX
1. Why does Christian insist that Cyrano tell Roxane the truth?

Act IV, Scene X
formidable – alarming; frighteningly impressive
imperialist – of or relating to an empire
ramrods – rods used for stuffing the charge into a firearm

1. Why does Cyrano fail to confess his love to Roxane?

2. What is ironic about Christian’s death?

3. Explain why Cyrano whispers in Christian’s ear before he dies, “I told her everything. She still loves you.”

4. In what ways has De Guiche changed by the end of this act?

Cyrano Act 3 Study Guide, Due Wednesday, November 16

ACT 3, Roxane’s Kiss (22 questions total)

Act III, Scene I
livery – a uniform worn by male household servants
steward – one who manages a household or property
trite – unoriginal, commonplace

1. How has Ragueneau’s life changed since Act II, when he was entertaining the poets in his bakery?

2. How does Cyrano utilize the pages for his amusement?

3. How does Cyrano feel when he realizes that Roxane has memorized the poems that Cyrano wrote for Christian? Cite incidents to support your answer.

Act III, Scene II
syndic – an officer of a particular organization who carries out certain duties

1. How does Roxane trick De Guiche into leaving Cyrano and the Cadets behind while the regiment goes to war?

2. What does De Guiche have in mind for Roxane?

Act III, Scene III
discourse – to talk; to discuss

1. What does Cyrano ask Roxane, and why? What is her response?

Act III, Scene IV
1. Why does Christian refuse to memorize Cyrano’s love poems and decide to speak for himself?

Act III, Scene V
1. Explain Roxane’s comment, “I hoped for cream, but you’re giving me water!”

Act III, Scene VI
embellishments – trimmings; added extras

1. In what way do the musicians provide comic relief?

2. List at least four ways that Roxane might discern that it is Cyrano speaking to her and not Christian.

3. How do you think Cyrano feels about Christian’s desire to kiss Roxane?

Act III, Scene VII
rosary – a string of beads used for counting prayers

1. Why does Cyrano give the Friar wrong directions?

Act III, Scene VIII
1. Why does Cyrano decide to help Christian win a kiss?

Act III, Scene IX
1. What arguments does Cyrano give Roxane to win her kiss?

2. Why does Christian hesitate to climb to Roxane for a kiss?

Act III, Scene X
1. Roxane cleverly tricks the Father into believing that he is supposed to perform a marriage ceremony for Christian and her. How does Roxane indirectly ask Christian if he agrees with her improvised version of the letter?

2. Why does the Friar mistakenly think that Roxane is to marry Cyrano, and is surprised that she is to marry Christian? How does Roxane distract the Friar from asking any further questions?

Act III, Scene XI
posterior – the rear
rarefied – made thin or less dense
trident – a three-pointed spear

1. How does Cyrano behave when he encounters De Guiche?

2. Briefly summarize the seven ways that Cyrano invents to travel to the moon. What does this performance reveal about Cyrano?

Act III, Scene XII
1. How does De Guiche react to Roxane’s marriage?

2. What promise does Cyrano make to Roxane after she learns that Christian is going to war?

3. Christian marries Roxane knowing that he is unable to please her intellectually or spiritually without Cyrano’s help. Cyrano helps Roxane and Christian to marry, knowing that he will lose her forever. At the beginning of this scene, before Cyrano intervenes, Roxane is not impressed with Christian. Yet, it is Roxane who orchestrates her marriage to Christian by tricking the priest. Speculate on the motivations of these characters. Why do you think Christian, Roxane, and Cyrano all seem to support this marriage?

Cyrano Act 2 Study Guide - Due Monday, Nov 14

ACT 2, The Poet’s Eating-House (19 questions total)

Act II, Scene I
andiron – a metal support used in a fi replace
gallery – a narrow passageway
lute – a small guitar-like musical instrument
lyre – a stringed instrument belonging to the harp family
scullions – kitchen workers

1. Explain the conflict between Ragueneau and his wife, Lise. How is Ragueneau similar to Cyrano?

Act II, Scene II
1. What is the purpose of the exchange between Ragueneau and the children?

Act II, Scene III
1. Why does Cyrano write a letter to Roxane? For what reason does he decide not to sign the letter?

Act II, Scene IV
cudgels – small, heavy clubs
pikes – long spears

1. Find a passage from this scene that demonstrates Cyrano’s lack of interest in his fight with the one hundred men.

2. What evidence is there that the poets who enjoy Ragueneau’s hospitality only pretend to like Ragueneau’s poetry?

Act II, Scene V
1. How does Cyrano guarantee a private meeting with Roxane?

Act II, Scene VI
1. Find an example of litotes (A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Some examples of litotes: no small victory, not a bad idea, not unhappy ...) in this scene.

2. List some ways Roxane raises Cyrano’s hopes that she is in love with him. What word does she use that shatters his hopes?

3. What is Roxane’s true reason for meeting Cyrano at the pastry shop?

4. Find an example of irony on page 50.

Act II, Scene VII
coronets – crowns worn by members of the noble class
heraldry – the study of genealogy, coats of arms, and ranks of the noble class
intrepid – brave
pentacrostic – a set of five lines of poetry in which the same word or name is formed within all five lines

1. Cyrano recites a poem to introduce the Gascons to De Guiche. Briefly identify the qualities that Cyrano believes all the Gascons possess.

2. Why does Cyrano decline De Guiche’s offer to be Cyrano’s patron?

Act II, Scene VIII
madrigals – vocal arrangements meant to be sung by three voices in harmony with one another

1. Cite some of Cyrano’s reasons for why he rejects patronage.

2. Cyrano discusses his reasons for remaining free of patronage:
“To be content with every flower, fruit or even leaf—but pluck them
from my own garden and no one else’s! And then, if glory ever does by
chance come my way, I’ll pay no tribute to Caesar, because the merit
will be my own.”

State a theme for Cyrano de Bergerac based on the above quotation.

3. What evidence is there that Le Bret knows Cyrano is deeply hurt after his visit with Roxane?

Act II, Scene IX
1. Why does Christian risk a battle with Cyrano by making comments about Cyrano’s nose?

Act II, Scene X
eloquence – the ability to express oneself gracefully and fluently
haphazard – random

1. What reason does Cyrano give Christian for wanting to help him win Roxane? Speculate on what unspoken reasons Cyrano may have.

2. List two objections that Christian has to Cyrano’s plan to win Roxane. How does Cyrano overcome these objections?

Act II, Scene XI
1. What is the purpose of this scene?

Wednesday, November 9, 2011

Cyrano de Bergerac Character Name Pronunciation Guide

Cyrano de Bergerac Character Name Pronunciation Guide

Name is Spelled Like

Name is Pronounced Like

Cyrano de Bergerac
Sear-ah-no duh Bear-jer-ack (the ‘j’ sound in ‘jer’ is more like the ‘zs’ sound in ‘Zsa Zsa Gabor’ than the Jamaican saying ‘Jahmon!’)
Christian de Neuvillette
Crease-tee-awn duh New-vee-yet
Le Bret
Luh Bray
De Guiche
Duh Geesh
Viscount de Valvert
Vees-cone-t duh Val-vair
Key-jee (the ‘j’ is more like the ‘zs’ sound)
Bree-zai (the ‘zai’ is like the ‘sai’ in ‘bonsai’)
Carbon de Castel-Jaloux
Car-bone duh Cast-tell Jah-looh (the ‘j’ sound is again more like a ‘zs’ sound)

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Cyrano Act 1 Study Guide

Cyrano De Bergerac Study Guide

ACT 1, A Performance at the Hotel de Bourgogne

Act I, Scene I
burghers – middle-class citizens (bourgeois); merchants
falsetto – a high-pitched male voice
foils – fencing swords
lackeys – low-level servants
marquises – noblemen who rank one below the ranking of a duke
pages – messenger servants
proscenium – an area of a theater between the orchestra and the curtain
troopers – soldiers on horseback; cavalrymen

1. List two ways that Rostand lets the audience know that the play is set in 1640.

2. What do the two Musketeers, the First Lackey, and the Guardsman all have in common?  What do you think Rostand is saying about life in France at this point in history?

Act I, Scene II
candelabra – a candle holder that holds several candles at once; a chandelier with candles
coquettish – flirtatious
duenna – a governess; chaperone
triolet – a type of poem containing eight lines in each stanza, with the first line repeated as the fourth and seventh lines and the second line repeated as the eighth line

1. What does the following passage from the play tell the audience about Christian? What does it reveal about the importance of personal appearances to important men such as the First Marquis?
FIRST MARQUIS: [to the SECOND] He’s good-looking, but his fashion is a little out of date.
LIGNIERE: [to CUIGY] Monsieur de Neuvillette comes from Touraine.

2. Why does Christian insist that Ligniere remain at the theater? What is Ligniere’s profession, and why does he decide to stay instead of going to a nearby tavern?

3. Briefly identify Ragueneau. Why does he attend the play?

4. List five characteristics that Le Bret, Cuigy, and Ragueneau use to describe Cyrano. How does Cyrano react to anyone who “smiles” at the sight of his large nose?

5. Find an adjective in Scene II to describe De Guiche’s character. Why does De Guiche want Roxane to marry Monsieur de Valvert?

Act I, Scene III
incredulously – skeptically; in disbelief
obsequious – submissive, fawning
pastoral – pertaining to the pleasant country life; rural
viscount – a nobleman whose rank is one below that of an earl

1. Why does the pickpocket warn Christian that Ligniere’s life is in danger?

2. What evidence is there that Christian is or is not an honorable man?

3. How does the Cardinal’s presence alter the mood of the audience?

Act I, Scene IV
affable – pleasant, friendly
conch – a type of large shell
envoi – a short passage at the end of a poem
farce – a comedic play containing much slapstick and a far-fetched plot
parry – to deflect; to sidestep
pedantic – excessively wordy in a pretentious way
scabbard – a case for a sword
tragedian – an actor who plays tragic characters

1. What are some conflicts that arise after Cyrano appears?

2. Identify the following literary terms, which Cyrano exclaims while on stage:
a. “[…] I’ll cut off his ears and slit him up like a roasted pig!”
b. “I shall mount the stage now and carve up this fine, fat Italian sausage!”
c. “If you keep on, you’re liable to rouse my sword right out of its scabbard!”
3. Explain why the crowd is amused when Cyrano says, “I will clap my hands three times, you full moon! On the third clap, I want to see you eclipse yourself!”

4. Why does Cyrano hate Montfleury?

5. Cyrano’s removal of Montfleury and cancellation of the play is outrageous, even dangerous. Cyrano gives Jodelet a purse of money in order to refund the audience. State a theme for this play based on this grand gesture.

6. The audience first learns about Cyrano from his friends. Then they hear his voice.
Finally, Cyrano appears on stage. Why do you suppose Rostand structures the play so that the audience is fully prepared for Cyrano’s entrance?

7. Why does Cyrano list for Valvert the various ways that a man might insult his huge nose? What is Valvert’s reaction to this speech?

8. What adornments or decorations does Cyrano consider to be of more importance than gloves, ribbons, or lace?

9. Why do you suppose Cyrano decides to compose a ballad while he is dueling with Valvert? What does Cyrano plan to do just as he finishes reciting the refrain?

10. What evidence is there that the audience’s opinion of Cyrano changes after he duels with Valvert?

Act I, Scene V
protuberance – something that projects outward; a lump or bulge
sublime – inspiring; of the highest moral worth

1. How does Cyrano explain to Le Bret his reasons for making so many enemies?

2. What is Cyrano’s secret reason for banishing Montfleury from the stage? What simile does Cyrano use?

3. How does Le Bret argue that woman may find Cyrano attractive despite his large nose?

4. What is the one thing in life that Cyrano fears?

Act I, Scene VI

1. What does Cyrano’s reaction to the Duenna reveal about his thoughts?

Act I, Scene VII
nebulous – hazy, vague, unclear

1. What new aspect of Cyrano’s personality is revealed after Cyrano learns that Roxane wants to see him?

2. Cyrano states that he is willing to fight a hundred men to save Ligniere because Ligniere once drank holy water as a romantic gesture for a young lady. What other reason might Cyrano have for fighting one hundred men?

3. “Willing Suspension of Disbelief” is a term for the willingness of the audience to accept the behavior and motivations of the characters for the duration of the play. At the end of Act I, Cyrano bravely goes off to fight one hundred men. Do you believe that Cyrano’s actions are believable or unbelievable? Cite incidents from the story to support your answer.

Friday, November 4, 2011

Elements of a Tragic Hero

Elements of a Tragic Hero
The tragic hero has:
1. The tragic hero is a man of noble stature.  Usually he is of noble birth.
2. The tragic hero is good, though not perfect, and his fall results from his committing what Aristotle calls "an act of injustice" (hamartia) either through ignorance or from a conviction that some greater good will be served. This act is, never-the-less, a criminal one and the good hero is responsible for it even if he is totally unaware of its criminality and is acting out of the best of intentions. In other words, he must make an error in judgment that will make him fall from his grand stature.
3. The hero’s downfall, therefore, is his own fault, the result of his own free choice- it could be a matter of hubris (excessive pride); listening to the wrong people; or perhaps not listening at all.
4. Never the less, the hero’s misfortune is not wholly deserved; the punishment far exceeds the crime. We do not come away from tragedy feeling that the hero "got what he deserved." We are, instead, saddened and feel a sense of a waste of human potential.
5. However, according to Aristotle, tragedy (when well-performed) does not leave its audience in a state of depression because the loss is not a pure loss. Though it may result in the hero’s death, it involves, before his death, some gain in self-knowledge. On the level of plot, it may be simply a discovery or the learning of a truth.
6. Though the hero may be defeated, he at least has dared greatly, and he gains understanding from his defeat and must become and example for others.

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Senior Research Topics

2011-2012 Research Paper Topics List
1.     Explore Shakespeare’s use of comic relief in his tragedies.
2.     William Shakespeare—did he write his material?
3.     Why was Euripides adversely criticized by his contemporaries?  In light of current knowledge, was the criticism justified?
4.     Father and son relationships in the drama of Arthur Miller
5.     The motives and character of Shakespeare’s Hamlet have been analyzed by many critics.  Present a selection of these views.  Try to account for the varying opinions.
6.     Select several works by the same playwright and discuss the uses of parody, irony, didacticism, imagery, and other literary and dramatic techniques.
7.     Fairy Tales (their origins and purposes) as a valid and important form of psychological literature.
8.     Emily Dickenson and Robert Frost: Whose road would you take?
9.     What is the “Western Canon” and why do people care about it?
10.   An in depth analysis of any work of literary merit.  Subject to teacher’s approval.
11.   Vampires have recently become very popular in young adult literature?  Why?  What history does literature have with vampires?
12.   What has been the influence of Latin American music on modern Jazz?
13.   Research the goal and evaluate the achievements of the Federal Music Project during the Depression.
14.   Compare and contrast the compositional practices of Mozart and Beethoven.
15.   The role of Masonic ideology in the music of Mozart.
16.   The shofar in Hebrew culture.
17.   Social commentary in early hip-hop music.

18.   Elements that influenced the art of Wassily Kandinsky.
19.   Techniques of Paleolithic cave paintings.
20.   The fauves of French painting.
21.   The mosaics in San Vitale, Raveena Italy.
22.   Michelangelo’s design of the Sistine Chapel.
23.   Materials, colors, and symbolism of Navajo sand paintings.
24.   Pablo Picasso: the cubist years.
25.   Children in Mary Cassatt’s paintings.
26.   Examine the ways in which modern technology has altered the artist’s tools and physical product.
27.   Paintings of the Last Supper: Discuss their variety, historical contexts, and critical opinions.
28.   Surrealism and Salvador Dali.

29.   Hospitals are historically non-profit agencies.  For-profit hospitals have flourished in the last decade.  Detractors claim their goals are detrimental to quality patient care.
30.   Evaluate the arguments in the Karen Quinlan right-to-die case. 
31.   Humans have been used for medical experimentation.  Examine the guidelines and special considerations involved.
32.   Should the federal government fund stem-cell research?
33.   The risks and perils of genetic engineering (These means, for example: If Sally and Jim can afford it, they could arranged to have a blue-eyed, blond haired daughter with an IQ of 170)
34.   Mandatory AIDS testing (at school, work, in communities, etc) is nothing more than the greatest good for the greatest number.  True or False?
35.   Surrogate mothers: examine the ethical considerations of the parents, the child and society.
36.   Administering the death penalty by lethal injection is viewed by many health professionals as an ethical issue.  Why?
37.   Parents with a terminally ill child, sick with a cancer, should have a second child in order to prolong the life of the second (genetically engineer the child’s blood type compatibility to match that of the sick child).  True or False?
38.   The use of animal organs as human transplants.
39.   When is a person dead so that organs can be harvested for transplantation to save another’s life?
40.   Should those who test HIV positive or have AIDS be identified (available to the general public, like sex offenders are)?  Why or why not?
41.   What are the problems, if any, of genetically engineered agriculture?
42.   Euthanasia: What are the issues, what should the rules be?

43.   Sum up the results of the great stock market crash of 1929.
44.   How can developing countries ever repay their national debt?
45.   Discuss the economic necessity argument for immigration reform.
46.   Can inflation be stopped?  What have been some proposals to curb inflation?
47.   The flat tax and how it could function in the U.S.
48.   Economic growth versus environmental concerns.
49.   What is the traditional impact of immigration on the labor force?
50.   What led to the savings and loan disaster? What it predicted? Could it have been averted?
51.   What led to the current economic recession in America?
52.   Is the United States a dying empire?

53.   The transcendentalism of Henry David Thoreau.
54.   Hiroshima: ethical considerations.
55.   Is the Protestant ethic obsolete?
56.   B.F. Skinner’s concept of the perfectibility of people as expressed in Walden II.
57.   What is mysticism?  Explore Bertrand Russell, William James, and the Eastern Philosophers.
58.   Appropriate technology for underdeveloped countries.   Select a particular area such as agriculture, textiles, mining, etc.
59.   Impact of Eastern Philosophies on Western culture.
60.   Existentialism
61.   What is Yoga? What is an ashram? Is this way of life possible in America?
62.   Creation science vs. evolution.

63.   The effects of institutionalization on mentally handicapped children.
64.   Treating drug addition as a mental illness.
65.   Effects of emotional deprivation on humans.
66.   Differing perspectives on the causes of childhood autism.
67.   The treatment of manic depressives with lithium.
68.   Twentieth-century changes in the public’s attitude toward the treatment of mental illness.

Criminal Justice
69.   Investigate the major problems in the correction systems in your state.
70.   DNA analysis has been the focus of many controversies.  Is it a valid type of evidence?
71.   Criminologists are featured in many popular TV shows today.  What is the real job of a criminologist and why does Hollywood distort it so fantastically?  Why are these shows so popular?
72.   Private prison systems: A valid idea, or an ethically corrupt one?
73.   Can the death penalty be justified?
74.   Should guns be banned?
75.   Do you think that Public Surveillance Technology will make your city safer or just invade your privacy?
76.   Assisted suicide—should it be a crime?

77.   Discuss the Renaissance as a bridge to the present.
78.    What have been the problems encountered by the National Endowment of the Arts? Consider several of the issues involved.
79.    The opposing forces in the premiere of Igor Stravinsky’s “Right of Spring”
80.    The impact of Muslim culture on world history.
81.    Abraham: how can he play an important role in Christianity, Islamic and Jewish religion?
82.    Economic and political factors that contributed to the rise of Christianity.
83.   The sacred cow: can religious beliefs be harmful?
84.    What does the existence of places like Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo say about the democratic and freedom-loving principles of the United States?
85.    Global warming—is it real?

Political Science
86.   Should Mexico become the 51st state?  What about Puerto Rico?
87.   The Constitution begins “We, the people…” What does that mean?  Has the meaning changed since 1791?
88.    Why does there seem to be so much poverty, disease and political corruption in sub-Sahara Africa?
89.    The Political Economy of the Micro-Island Nations of the Caribbean: The Impact of Tourism on Caribbean Culture, Environment and Society
90.    The Austrian Freedom Party in 2000
91.    Telecommunications Policy in China
92.    Women, Identity and Political Activism during the Allende Regime in Chile
93.    Effectiveness of Rape Shield Laws
94.    Stereotypes between American and Arab-Americans in the United States
95.    Sexual Harassment: Comparative Legal Analysis
96.    The Fourteenth Amendment and Privacy
97.    Squatter Settlements in Post-Apartheid South Africa
98.    Development of a Constitutional Right of Privacy
99.    Public Education and Religious Establishment
100. Legislative Redistricting in Illinois for 2002
101. The Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement
102. The Supreme Court and Reproductive Rights
103. U.S.-Japanese Trade Policy: A Defense of Limited Unilateralism
104. An Assessment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
105. Title IX and Collegiate Athletic Opportunities
106. Mexico's Changing Political Party System
107. The Equal Rights Amendment: Why Controversy Ensured its Defeat
108. The Debt Crisis in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
109. Globalization and the Anti-Globalization Movement
110. An Evaluation of International Law as Applied to Genocide from Nuremberg to the Balkans
111. Celebrity Influence on Political Campaigns
112. The Patriot Act: Security/Rights Issues in Historical Perspective
113. A study on Equitable Water Provision in Latin America
114. Affirmative Action: National Origin Minorities
115. Mexico, Corporate Globalization and the Media
116. Racial Profiling in post 9/11 United States
117. Content Regulation in Broadcasting
118. Children Soldiers in Africa
119. Truth Commissions and Civil Society
120. Nature within the City: The Greenway Movement and the Transformation of Urban Form
121. Aid to the Health-Related Sector: The United States, Japan, and Germany
122. Sweatshops in third world countries.
123.Same sex marriage laws.

Ancient history
124. Roman triumphal architecture: Propaganda tool, monstrous toy, or great art?
125. Egypt and Mesopotamia were geographically similar.
126. Roman persecutions of Christians: when, why, how?  Think “Gladiator” with Russell Crow.
127. What were the major domestic characteristics of Neolithic communities?
128. How the gods of antiquity were used to explain natural phenomena.
129. The Greek Pythian games.
130. Eleusinian mysteries: what were they?  Why have they been shrouded in secrecy then and now?
131. The Council of Nicaea and the Bible. 

Social History
132.    The effects of the British colonization of India
133.    The historic plight of the gypsies
134.    How the industrial revolution changed the life of the common man.
135.   The cultural heritage of the modern Eskimo
136.    Utopian Socialism
137.    What were the effects of European colonialism on Africa?
138.    The invention of the printing press in Europe and its impact on history.
139.    Hundred Years War: causes, consequences, aspects (e.g., finance, social impact, etc.). Joan of Arc is here, Henry V and a great deal more. Don't plan to do "The Hundred Years War" - plan to do some aspect of it.
140.    Changes in warfare and weaponry
141.    Cannons and gunpowder come along, but an increased importance of infantry, which has significant social implications
142.   Ciompi Revolt: A short-lived but significant revolt in Florence
143.    Rise and fall of Burgundy: not the narrative, but why it became prominent; or why it collapsed as a duchy under Charles the Bold
144.    Royal fiscal policy: How kingdoms raised money and how they spent it. Good fodder for a comparison-style paper.
145.    Medici (or another family dynasty): their impact on history.
146.    The papacy in the late Middle Ages: The development of papal government, a pope, or a set of popes, or compare a couple of popes.

147.Why do some groups do poorly on standardized tests?
148. Why do colleges have “Black Studies Departments” but no “White Studies Dept?”  “Female Studies” but not “Male Studies?”
149. Who was John Dewey and why should students care?
150. What are charter schools and do we need them?
151. Brown v. Board of Education: 50 years later, schools are still segregated.  Is that good or bad?
152. Freedom of expression in school: what are the limits?  What should the limits be? (for students, teachers and administrators)
153. Is the failure to provide Advanced Placement classes in inner city public schools racist?
154. What are school vouchers?  Why are they a good or bad idea?
155. Who decides what “knowledge” is worth having?
156.Single sex education—support or oppose?
157.Women are exceeding men in college and graduate degree completion.  What does this mean for the future?
158.Should schools be privatized by business?  Some already exist.  Good or bad idea?

159. Roe v. Wade—its effects on women
160. Can women break the glass ceiling?
161. Will there be a woman president?  Study gender gaps in voting.
162. Who was the first feminist?  What did she accomplish?
163. John Stuart Mill and the equality of women.
164. Queens and female rulers: Would include countesses, duchesses, etc.

Contemporary issues of African Americans
165.Should all African American students learn the history of African Americans?  Why?
166.Organizing African American voters in the South; its impact, past and present.
167.Contemporary African American art and its place in the art world.
168.Interracial marriage and race dissolution—causes and effects.

Historical issues of African Americans
169.The communist Party’s influence in Black American from 1900 to 1950.
170.The historical relationship between Blacks and Jews in the United States.
171.The role of African-Americans in taming the West

Minority issues
172.What is wrong with profiling?
173.Should English be the official language of the United States?
174. Was official government policy towards Native-Americans a form of genocide?
175. Are Native-American mascots (Chief Illini, for example) racist?
176. Is the Quota/Reservation System in India really going to bring about social equality? Wouldn't it be better to implement a quota by economic standards instead of caste?