Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Q2 Exam Review

Q2 Exam Review

Cyrano Quotes (these are not all quotes, just a sampling): 

For each quote, identify the speaker and who is being spoken to.  Characters can be used more than once.

 Roxane                                           De Guiche

Ragueneau                                       Valvert

Le Bret                                            Christian

Cyrano                                            The Duenna



“You love her! Then tell her so! She saw you triumph here this very night!”

(Act I, Scene V)


Spoken to


“It must annoy you when it dips into your drink. You really should have a specially

shaped goblet, I think!”


Spoken to


 “And now, your true self has triumphed over your appearance! I now love you only for

your soul!”


Spoken to


 “—and then off she went, with a musketeer!”


Spoken to


 “I say that Henry the Fourth would never have stripped himself of his scarf, no matter the danger.”


Spoken to

Grammar Review:
Here are example paragraphs that have errors similar to the exam.  Email me if you have questions about any errors.

Edit the following paragraph, correcting pronoun errors and any other necessary changes. (10 errors)

What do scientists look for when he wants to find a good spot for a human colony on the moon?  The same thing we look for on earth when you want to buy a house: location, location, location. In particular, when a scientist studies locations on the moon, he looks for a place that provides good sunlight and some water. You may not think that the moon has any water.  However, in 1998, NASA and its top scientists announced that it had discovered evidence of ice around the moon’s two poles.  The group announced their findings, claiming that the water could support a colony for about a hundred years.  Now researchers have found three locations near the moon’s south pole that he and she think might be good sites for a lunar colony.  In the not too distant future, then, either you or the children of tomorrow might build your home on the moon.

Edit the following paragraph, correcting subject-verb agreement errors. (10 errors)

            There has been several amazing child prodigies in music but none more astonishing than Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  Mozart were playing tunes on the piano at the age of three!  From the time he is six, he and his sister Anna, also a prodigy, was taken on concert tours by their father.  Neither royalty nor nobility were able to resist the charm and talent of the two young artists.  All of the gifts and money they received were kept by their father.  Do the life of such a prodigy, praised but exploited, sound like fun?  His arguments with his stern and demanding father was a constant source of tension.  However, few finds any hint of gloom or depression in most of his music.  Though Mozart died before his 36th birthday, his legacy of great compositions are a timeless gift to the world.

Vocabulary Words:
  1. bilious
  2. ineffable
  3. gamut
  4. affinity
  5. immure
  6. commensurate
  7. diaphanous
  8. insouciant
  9. maladroit
  10. prescience
  11. prurient
  12. obloquy
  13. waggish
  14. sacrosanct
  15. saturnalian
  16. maudlin
  17. vitiate
  18. dictum
  19. folderol
  20. internecine


Friday, December 7, 2012

Cyrano Act 3 Study Guide, Due Tuesday, December 11

ACT 3, Roxane’s Kiss (22 questions total)

Act III, Scene I
livery – a uniform worn by male household servants
steward – one who manages a household or property
trite – unoriginal, commonplace

1. How has Ragueneau’s life changed since Act II, when he was entertaining the poets in his bakery?

2. How does Cyrano utilize the pages for his amusement?

3. How does Cyrano feel when he realizes that Roxane has memorized the poems that Cyrano wrote for Christian? Cite incidents to support your answer.

Act III, Scene II
syndic – an officer of a particular organization who carries out certain duties

1. How does Roxane trick De Guiche into leaving Cyrano and the Cadets behind while the regiment goes to war?

2. What does De Guiche have in mind for Roxane?

Act III, Scene III
discourse – to talk; to discuss

1. What does Cyrano ask Roxane, and why? What is her response?

Act III, Scene IV
1. Why does Christian refuse to memorize Cyrano’s love poems and decide to speak for himself?

Act III, Scene V
1. Explain Roxane’s comment, “I hoped for cream, but you’re giving me water!”

Act III, Scene VI
embellishments – trimmings; added extras

1. In what way do the musicians provide comic relief?

2. List at least four ways that Roxane might discern that it is Cyrano speaking to her and not Christian.

3. How do you think Cyrano feels about Christian’s desire to kiss Roxane?

Act III, Scene VII
rosary – a string of beads used for counting prayers

1. Why does Cyrano give the Friar wrong directions?

Act III, Scene VIII
1. Why does Cyrano decide to help Christian win a kiss?

Act III, Scene IX
1. What arguments does Cyrano give Roxane to win her kiss?

2. Why does Christian hesitate to climb to Roxane for a kiss?

Act III, Scene X
1. Roxane cleverly tricks the Father into believing that he is supposed to perform a marriage ceremony for Christian and her. How does Roxane indirectly ask Christian if he agrees with her improvised version of the letter?

2. Why does the Friar mistakenly think that Roxane is to marry Cyrano, and is surprised that she is to marry Christian? How does Roxane distract the Friar from asking any further questions?

Act III, Scene XI
posterior – the rear
rarefied – made thin or less dense
trident – a three-pointed spear

1. How does Cyrano behave when he encounters De Guiche?

2. Briefly summarize the seven ways that Cyrano invents to travel to the moon. What does this performance reveal about Cyrano?

Act III, Scene XII
1. How does De Guiche react to Roxane’s marriage?

2. What promise does Cyrano make to Roxane after she learns that Christian is going to war?

3. Christian marries Roxane knowing that he is unable to please her intellectually or spiritually without Cyrano’s help. Cyrano helps Roxane and Christian to marry, knowing that he will lose her forever. At the beginning of this scene, before Cyrano intervenes, Roxane is not impressed with Christian. Yet, it is Roxane who orchestrates her marriage to Christian by tricking the priest. Speculate on the motivations of these characters. Why do you think Christian, Roxane, and Cyrano all seem to support this marriage?

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Cyrano Act 2 Study Guide, Due Friday, December 7

ACT 2, The Poet’s Eating-House (19 questions total)

Act II, Scene I
andiron – a metal support used in a fi replace
gallery – a narrow passageway
lute – a small guitar-like musical instrument
lyre – a stringed instrument belonging to the harp family
scullions – kitchen workers

1. Explain the conflict between Ragueneau and his wife, Lise. How is Ragueneau similar to Cyrano?

Act II, Scene II
1. What is the purpose of the exchange between Ragueneau and the children?

Act II, Scene III
1. Why does Cyrano write a letter to Roxane? For what reason does he decide not to sign the letter?

Act II, Scene IV
cudgels – small, heavy clubs
pikes – long spears

1. Find a passage from this scene that demonstrates Cyrano’s lack of interest in his fight with the one hundred men.

2. What evidence is there that the poets who enjoy Ragueneau’s hospitality only pretend to like Ragueneau’s poetry?

Act II, Scene V
1. How does Cyrano guarantee a private meeting with Roxane?

Act II, Scene VI
1. Find an example of litotes (A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Some examples of litotes: no small victory, not a bad idea, not unhappy ...) in this scene.

2. List some ways Roxane raises Cyrano’s hopes that she is in love with him. What word does she use that shatters his hopes?

3. What is Roxane’s true reason for meeting Cyrano at the pastry shop?

4. Find an example of irony on page 50.

Act II, Scene VII
coronets – crowns worn by members of the noble class
heraldry – the study of genealogy, coats of arms, and ranks of the noble class
intrepid – brave
pentacrostic – a set of five lines of poetry in which the same word or name is formed within all five lines

1. Cyrano recites a poem to introduce the Gascons to De Guiche. Briefly identify the qualities that Cyrano believes all the Gascons possess.

2. Why does Cyrano decline De Guiche’s offer to be Cyrano’s patron?

Act II, Scene VIII
madrigals – vocal arrangements meant to be sung by three voices in harmony with one another

1. Cite some of Cyrano’s reasons for why he rejects patronage.

2. Cyrano discusses his reasons for remaining free of patronage:
“To be content with every flower, fruit or even leaf—but pluck them
from my own garden and no one else’s! And then, if glory ever does by
chance come my way, I’ll pay no tribute to Caesar, because the merit
will be my own.”

State a theme for Cyrano de Bergerac based on the above quotation.

3. What evidence is there that Le Bret knows Cyrano is deeply hurt after his visit with Roxane?

Act II, Scene IX
1. Why does Christian risk a battle with Cyrano by making comments about Cyrano’s nose?

Act II, Scene X
eloquence – the ability to express oneself gracefully and fluently
haphazard – random

1. What reason does Cyrano give Christian for wanting to help him win Roxane? Speculate on what unspoken reasons Cyrano may have.

2. List two objections that Christian has to Cyrano’s plan to win Roxane. How does Cyrano overcome these objections?

Act II, Scene XI
1. What is the purpose of this scene?

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Cyrano Act 1 Study Guide - Due Tuesday, December 4

Cyrano De Bergerac Study Guide

ACT 1, A Performance at the Hotel de Bourgogne

Act I, Scene I
burghers – middle-class citizens (bourgeois); merchants
falsetto – a high-pitched male voice
foils – fencing swords
lackeys – low-level servants
marquises – noblemen who rank one below the ranking of a duke
pages – messenger servants
proscenium – an area of a theater between the orchestra and the curtain
troopers – soldiers on horseback; cavalrymen

1. List two ways that Rostand lets the audience know that the play is set in 1640.

2. What do the two Musketeers, the First Lackey, and the Guardsman all have in common? What do you think Rostand is saying about life in France at this point in history?

Act I, Scene II
candelabra – a candle holder that holds several candles at once; a chandelier with candles
coquettish – flirtatious
duenna – a governess; chaperone
triolet – a type of poem containing eight lines in each stanza, with the first line repeated as the fourth and seventh lines and the second line repeated as the eighth line

1. What does the following passage from the play tell the audience about Christian? What does it reveal about the importance of personal appearances to important men such as the First Marquis?
FIRST MARQUIS: [to the SECOND] He’s good-looking, but his fashion is a little out of date.
LIGNIERE: [to CUIGY] Monsieur de Neuvillette comes from Touraine.

2. Why does Christian insist that Ligniere remain at the theater? What is Ligniere’s profession, and why does he decide to stay instead of going to a nearby tavern?

3. Briefly identify Ragueneau. Why does he attend the play?

4. List five characteristics that Le Bret, Cuigy, and Ragueneau use to describe Cyrano. How does Cyrano react to anyone who “smiles” at the sight of his large nose?

5. Find an adjective in Scene II to describe De Guiche’s character. Why does De Guiche want Roxane to marry Monsieur de Valvert?

Act I, Scene III
incredulously – skeptically; in disbelief
obsequious – submissive, fawning
pastoral – pertaining to the pleasant country life; rural
viscount – a nobleman whose rank is one below that of an earl

1. Why does the pickpocket warn Christian that Ligniere’s life is in danger?

2. What evidence is there that Christian is or is not an honorable man?

3. How does the Cardinal’s presence alter the mood of the audience?

Act I, Scene IV
affable – pleasant, friendly
conch – a type of large shell
envoi – a short passage at the end of a poem
farce – a comedic play containing much slapstick and a far-fetched plot
parry – to deflect; to sidestep
pedantic – excessively wordy in a pretentious way
scabbard – a case for a sword
tragedian – an actor who plays tragic characters

1. What are some conflicts that arise after Cyrano appears?

2. Identify the following literary terms, which Cyrano exclaims while on stage:
a. “[…] I’ll cut off his ears and slit him up like a roasted pig!”
b. “I shall mount the stage now and carve up this fine, fat Italian sausage!”
c. “If you keep on, you’re liable to rouse my sword right out of its scabbard!”
3. Explain why the crowd is amused when Cyrano says, “I will clap my hands three times, you full moon! On the third clap, I want to see you eclipse yourself!”

4. Why does Cyrano hate Montfleury?

5. Cyrano’s removal of Montfleury and cancellation of the play is outrageous, even dangerous. Cyrano gives Jodelet a purse of money in order to refund the audience. State a theme for this play based on this grand gesture.

6. The audience first learns about Cyrano from his friends. Then they hear his voice.
Finally, Cyrano appears on stage. Why do you suppose Rostand structures the play so that the audience is fully prepared for Cyrano’s entrance?

7. Why does Cyrano list for Valvert the various ways that a man might insult his huge nose? What is Valvert’s reaction to this speech?

8. What adornments or decorations does Cyrano consider to be of more importance than gloves, ribbons, or lace?

9. Why do you suppose Cyrano decides to compose a ballad while he is dueling with Valvert? What does Cyrano plan to do just as he finishes reciting the refrain?

10. What evidence is there that the audience’s opinion of Cyrano changes after he duels with Valvert?

Act I, Scene V
protuberance – something that projects outward; a lump or bulge
sublime – inspiring; of the highest moral worth

1. How does Cyrano explain to Le Bret his reasons for making so many enemies?

2. What is Cyrano’s secret reason for banishing Montfleury from the stage? What simile does Cyrano use?

3. How does Le Bret argue that woman may find Cyrano attractive despite his large nose?

4. What is the one thing in life that Cyrano fears?

Act I, Scene VI

1. What does Cyrano’s reaction to the Duenna reveal about his thoughts?

Act I, Scene VII
nebulous – hazy, vague, unclear

1. What new aspect of Cyrano’s personality is revealed after Cyrano learns that Roxane wants to see him?

2. Cyrano states that he is willing to fight a hundred men to save Ligniere because Ligniere once drank holy water as a romantic gesture for a young lady. What other reason might Cyrano have for fighting one hundred men?

3. “Willing Suspension of Disbelief” is a term for the willingness of the audience to accept the behavior and motivations of the characters for the duration of the play. At the end of Act I, Cyrano bravely goes off to fight one hundred men. Do you believe that Cyrano’s actions are believable or unbelievable? Cite incidents from the story to support your answer.

Cyrano de Bergerac Character Name Pronunciation Guide

Cyrano de Bergerac Character Name Pronunciation Guide

Name is Spelled Like

Name is Pronounced Like

Cyrano de Bergerac
Sear-ah-no duh Bear-jer-ack (the ‘j’ sound in ‘jer’ is more like the ‘zs’ sound in ‘Zsa Zsa Gabor’ than the Jamaican saying ‘Jahmon!’)
Christian de Neuvillette
Crease-tee-awn duh New-vee-yet
Le Bret
Luh Bray
De Guiche
Duh Geesh
Viscount de Valvert
Vees-cone-t duh Val-vair
Key-jee (the ‘j’ is more like the ‘zs’ sound)
Bree-zai (the ‘zai’ is like the ‘sai’ in ‘bonsai’)
Carbon de Castel-Jaloux
Car-bone duh Cast-tell Jah-looh (the ‘j’ sound is again more like a ‘zs’ sound)

Monday, October 8, 2012

Exam Vocab Words

Vocab Words to Study:

  1. Caterwaul
  2. Chimerical
  3. Effete
  4. Hidebound
  5. Hierarchy
  6. Noisome
  7. Poltroon
  8. Proselyte
  9. Raillery
  10. Ribald
  11. Bibulous
  12. Lacrymose
  13. Miniscule
  14. Obfuscate
  15. Paternalism
  16. Polarize
  17. Ancillary
  18. Condescend
  19. Forte
  20. Pragmatic
  21. Rapacity
  22. Schism

Friday, October 5, 2012

Q1 2012 Study Guide

  • Study tests and notes from Oedipus, Antigone, and Hamlet.
  • Know vocabulary units 1-3.
  • Practice ACT English prep sections.

  • Prepare for the following questions (some are short answer, some are essay):

1.      How is Oedipus affected by hubris and hamartia?  What effect do these have on his situation?

2.      If Antigone is right, why do you suppose the gods don't save her?
3.  By showing the trappings of theater and non-reality, does Shakespeare make Hamlet's suffering seem like his true feelings, or like Hamlet himself is acting?
4. What is the most prevalent theme in Hamlet?  What situations, characters, or conversations support your theory that it is the most prevalent theme?

Tuesday, March 20, 2012

Lab Day, March 20


E-mail me a topic outline by the end of the period.  For information on the topic outline, see the links below in the sentence outline post.

Once you have sent your topic outline, you may move on to the sentence outline.

Sentence Outline, Due Monday, March 26




Senior Paper: Sentence Outline Rubric

1. Thesis is clear and proposes an arguable point which people could reasonably agree or disagree; it takes a stand
2.Thesis should appear at introduction.
1.Thesis is clear and proposes an arguable point, but it does not take a clear stand
2. Thesis appears at introduction.
1.Thesis is somewhat clear and does not fully propose an arguable point. 2.Thesis is absent from outline.
1.Thesis is not clear and lacks organization of an arguable point and a clear stand for or against. 2.Thesis is not presented in the outline.
Outline uses Roman numerals for headings and numbers for subheadings
Outline mostly follows proper form w/Roman numerals & numbers.
Outline somewhat follows proper form, but not completely
Outline does not follow proper form and lacks any organizational pattern.
Information in outline for entire research paper

Topics are addressed with at least 3 concrete details about each.
 Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes several supporting details and/or examples.
All topics are addressed with at least 2 concrete details about each, and clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or ex.
All topics are addressed with 1 concrete detail about each.
 And clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or ex given.
One or more topics were not addressed.
 Information has little or nothing to do with the main topic.
Heading should have general info. And subheadings should be more specific.
Headings don’t always have general info. & Subheadings aren’t specific
Headings and subheadings follow correct format somewhat.
Headings and subheadings don’t follow correct format.
Various sources are used to support each section of the essay.
At least 2 sources are used to support each section of the essay
Lack of support for most sections of the essay.
Lack of support for thesis and entire essay.